Nowadays Internet user is increasing day by day, and the Internet is going to a primary need for every Tech users, But Do you have any idea about the history of the internet? So In this blog, you will know about the complete idea about internet invention from the very beginning to now. you can read 15 important uses of the internet.
Internet is derived from the word “interconnection of network” or “network of networks” which means a large number of computer networks are connecting globally. Where one user at any one end can read the data from another end if both connection and permission is established. These lines make connections via internet hubs that distribute data to other locations like ISP s and multiple web servers.
History of Internet and Innovation
Who Invented the Internet? Internet is not Invented by a single person. in the history of the internet, there are so many scientists, engineers, programmers, and developers behind invention in the history of the internet. But our past history says that Leonard kleinrock published the first paper in 1961.
The research paper title was “Information flow in large communication nets”. He was the first guy who shared some ideas about the internet. After that He made several important contributions in the field of computer science and computer networking. He made a very big role in ARPANET development. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET).
Still, the internet would not arrive until the early 1960s, when MIT’s J.C.R. Licklider released the idea of an “Intergalactic Network” of computers. There is a big hand of Licklider in the history of the internet. Licklider expected about time-sharing automated computers and a network of computers to transfer and retrieve data. This vision ultimately inspired the creation of ARPANET, which eventually evolved to the Internet we know today (Living Internet, 1996-2010).
After that concept of packet switching launched in the history of the internet . Packet switching is generally sharing of data over the internet in the form of small packets. Where each packet sends and receives and after that merges. These packets minimise transmission latency over internet networking. Packet switching was really major an important part in internet networking world which would later become very popular.
The prototype of the internet came in the 1960s with the creation of ARPANET. it was the first wide-area packet-switching network .it was first network to implement the TCP/IP protocol in the 1970s. it was originally founded by U.S. Defence Department. Which used packet switching to allow multiple computers to communicate over a single network.
On October 29, 1969, ARPANET delivered its first message: a “node-to-node” communication from one computer to another. The first computer was located in a research lab at UCLA and the second was at Stanford; each one was the size of a small house. The message—“LOGIN”—was short and simple, but unfortunately, it crashed the fledgeling ARPANET network anyway. The Stanford computer only received the note’s first two letters. this was the first failure in the history of the internet, but No one gave up and continued it up.
But these people never gave up this was continued to grow in the 1970s. finally, the concept of TCP/IP protocol was designed in the 1970s. which is realistically the Internet Model, and developed by 2 DARPA scientist Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn. that’s why these persons most often called the fathers of the Internet. After that, it adopted as the protocol standard for ARPANET (the predecessor to the Internet) in 1983. ARPANET basically implemented the TCP/IP protocol.
In 1971 Ray Tomlinson is universally credited as the creator of email as part of a program for ARPANET. Meanwhile in 1978, Shiva Ayyadurai a 14-year-old Indian boy began his work on an email system for the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.
In 1980. After that researchers began to assemble the “network of networks” that became the modern Internet. it had adopted as the protocol standard for ARPANET (the predecessor to the Internet) in 1983.
In 1978-1980 concept of the OSI model also invented. The development of the 4-layer TCP/IP model started 10 years before work began on the 7-layer OSI Model. ARPANET the precursor to the Internet developed in the late 1960s.
Finally, the worldwide web (WWW) invented in 1989 by Timothy John Berners-Lee (TimBL), Who is an English engineer and computer scientist best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web (W3C). TimBL has also a big hand behind the history of the internet.
Basically World Wide Web(WWW) is a web networking system. it is responsible for displaying text, graphics, and audio retrieved over hypertext document with its corresponding text and hyperlinks is written in HTML called Hypertext Markup Language. it assigns an online unique address, which is called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). But it’s often confused with the internet itself because the web is actually just accessing data online in the form of websites and hyperlinks.