9 different types of internet connections in the world

Today, the Internet is the primary need for people on earth. There are different types of internet connections we use in our daily life. But all internet connection has the main goal is to transfer the data from one place to another place.

Internet is a “network of networks” which means a huge number of networks connected globally. There are different types of internet connections available so that people may connect with different internet connections, and they can transfer the data, surfing, and browsing on the internet.

Technology never stops at a single place so time changes new technologies and new system upgrading arrives. In the field of the internet & Network, we don’t always like to use the same internet connection or same speed. We always search for better internet coverage and awesome speed.

9 Different types of internet connections

Here in this blog different types of internet connections explained in detail from very begging traditional technology to today’s internet connection technology.

1. Dial-up Internet

This is one of the very first popular internet connection. It had arrived in 1992 in the United Kingdom, today this is one of the oldest internet connection. This is based on PSTN (public switched telephone network) which connects it to ISP (internet service provider). To start this set up we need to dial a number on the telephone to send requests to the server. We also have a modem to connect it to the server and helps to modulate (analog to digital) and demodulate digital to analogue) data signal to access the internet connection. That’s it.

Dial-up Internet connection
                                      Dial-up Internet connection
  • It has maximum optimal speed only 56 kbps
  • Today it is no more use, but it may be in some very rural areas.
  • The main disadvantage of Dial-up is you can only make either a voice call or internet Data access.

2. ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)

It has also same type of internet connection set up like Dial-up. But it uses Circuit Switched telephone network system in which along with voice packet switching network concepts also comes for Data transmission. It has a little broader bandwidth than Dial-up. That is 128 kbps.

ISDN internet connection
                              ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
  • It has two 64 kbps channels which make 128 kbps bandwidth, and the bandwidth divides into three bands.
  • First band is used for phones signals
  • Second band is used for conversations
  • Third band is used for Data transfer or internet connection
  • It has a bandwidth speed of 64 kbps to 128 kbps.

3. DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)

Next is a DSL internet connection. it arrived in the 1990s. It carries both voice and internet data.it dominated Dial-up connection and really replaced Dial-up connection. It is a high-speed internet connection. It operates higher frequency than Dial-up. that’s why it is faster than a dial-up connection.

There is not any interference between voice and internet data in DSL, so you can easily operate both voice and internet data easily.

It uses a telephone wire with a DSL modem. use of modem is for modulate and demodulate signal. Because our computer system understands digital signal and it can only receive data via a digital signal, but first it comes to our house in the form of an analog signal.

DSL Digital Subscriber Line internet connection
                                               DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)
  • It has to download speed 5-35 Mbps and upload speed 1-10 Mbps.
  • It has dedicated bandwidth provided to all users.

        (i). ADSL (asymmetric digital subscriber line)

It is also a type of DSL. after any DSL broadband most people prefer this internet connection. It is the same as DSL, but it has a higher downloading speed than uploading speed. People like this because of high downloading speed, and most of the users need higher download speed than uploading.

It has generally downloading speed 2-24 Mbps and uploading speed 1-2 Mbps. But it depends in your ISP & areas.

        (ii). SDSL (symmetric digital subscriber line)

 Another type of DSL is SDSL. It has same downing and uploading speed. People used this connection for their business where they need the same downstream and upstream.

It has speed of 3 Mbps the same downloading and uploading.

         (iii). HDSL (High-bit-rate digital subscriber line)

it has same technology base of ADSL. it operates same way of ADSL. It uses same telephone copper twisted wire. It carries equal amount of bandwidth for both downloading and uploading speed.  It carries both voice and data over in wire. It is alternative to T-carrier services E1 lines.

In the  T1 line (up to 1.544 Mbps) in North America and in the E1 line (up to 2.048 Mbps) in European countries.

         (iv). VDSL (Very high bit-rate digital subscriber line)

It is an advanced version of DSL, and it has better internet speed, with 3x times faster than other DSL types. Same copper wire technology as other DSL, but sometimes it uses optical fiber cable for data transmission. Speed depends on your ISP and area.

It has download speed 52 Mbps and upload speed 16 Mbps.

4. Cable internet

Cable internet is a great internet connection after any DSL or ADSL. because it provides a high-speed internet connection than other DSL or ADSL. it uses Coaxial cable with Modem, and it has a feature to transfer two way of data communication with the help of  RF(Radio Frequency) channel. Two ways of data means one is for TV and another for internet DATA.

cable internet connection
                                                                Cable internet

Wifi router may have both feature of Modem and Router, or separately.

  • It has speed range 20 Mbps to 100 Mbps.
  • It has a disadvantage like it shares it’s bandwidth to other users in any area, but DSL don’t share their bandwidth.
  • It has another disadvantage like electromagnetic interference and modem flap.

5. Cellular internet

Next type of internet connection is Cellular internet. Which is very popular to everyone. Because it doesn’t need any cable wire, modem or router setup. Everything we can do on our mobile phone. It is based on a radio frequency wave concept. Which uses spectrum which maybe 2G, 3G, 4G, or 5G generations.

cellular internet connections
                                                         Cellular internet
  • It has a frequency range of 225 Mhz to 3700 Mhz.
  • These types of internet connections speed depend upon the generation of networks. Like 3G is 3rd generation cellular network and 4G is 4th generation cellular Network.
  • It has speed range around 7 Mbps.
  • 4G cellular network commits its speed range to 100 Mbps but in real life, we couldn’t get more than 10 Mbps because of several interference and losses of signal.
  • Globally 4G has speed around 17 Mbps only.

6. FTTx (Fiber to the x or home)

Fibre net is a great choice for every internet user just because This type of internet connections has super fast speed. And don’t have any signal drop or losses. Because these internet connections use glass optical fibre cable and inside the optical fibre, it has laser light, and the transfer of light is based on total internal reflection.

Because it transfers data in the form of laser light inside, so it doesn’t have any electromagnetic interference like cable internet. It is also highly secure than others because of the light signal.

FTTx Fiber to the x or home internet connections
                                                 FTTx (Fiber to the x or home)

It has sped up to 10 Gbps depends upon your plan, ISP, area.

What are the types of FTTx internet connections?

It has various types of internet connections like FTTH, FTTN, FTTC, etc All these internet connections have separate bandwidth, speed and distribution ranges.

(i). FTTH (Fiber to the home)

It is a high speed broadband internet connection which has higher bandwidth. It is also called FTTP(fiber to the premise). There are two types of FTTH. That is AON (Active Optical Network) and PON (Passive Optical Network). These types of internet connections are only fixed and go directly to the residence locations like house or office, where optical fiber connection has reached.

It may be expensive in some areas.

It has generally speed 1 to 100 Mbps, but all depends on your bandwidth, ISP, area.

(ii). FTTC (Fiber to the curb)

FTTC connection locates to the curb area of the around 300-meter radius. Its data speed rate depends on distance. It uses a twisted pair or coaxial cable.

(iii). FTTN (Fiber to the Node)

It has another type of FTTX, but almost similar to the FTTC. It uses coaxial cable or twisted pair to the cabinet, but data speed depends upon the distance.

7. Wireless broadband wifi

It is called a broadband wireless internet connection. Which has an antenna called air grids? It receives frequency from ISP. Along with air grids, it also has one wifi router. The modem feature may be already inside of the wifi router. These types of internet connections have a slow speed issue and speed fluctuates every time. it is not fixed, because it has interference and signal losses.  it creates an issue in bad weather Regions.

Wireless broadband wifi internet connections
                                                Wireless broadband wifi

It has generally speed range is 12 Mbps, but some broadband commits up to 100 Mbps.

8. Satellite internet

Satellite is a different type of internet connection than other internet connection mentioned above. It has not popular as much as FTTx.

Satellite internet connections
                                                                 Satellite internet

This internet has a big problem it’s poor latency, several interference of signal, and signal losses. Distance between earth and satellite is 3600km, which is a really big distance, and signal loses and latency are obvious.  Suppose If you want to use satellite internet like high-speed broadband then you have to point so many satellites to a single antenna which is really very costly anyway.

But so many companies are working to better implementation of satellite internet connection.

9. Leased Line Connection

A leased line connection is also a type of internet connection. Which is generally used for commercial places like office, school, colleges etc. A leased-line is dedicated bandwidth line connected between two ends. So this is a special internet connection only for specific users. So between these two ends, not any third party can join over this network.

It is a different type of internet connection than any other broadband connection. It has better uptime, and don’t have any speed fluctuation as fluctuation happens in other FTTx peak hour.

Leased Line Connection
                                                     Leased Line Connection
  • It has fixed speed and doesn’t fluctuate the speed.
  • It has almost the same download and upload speed.
  • It has speed 2Mbps to 10Gbps.

Conclusion

In this post, we discussed types of internet connections and it’s speed range, working principle, advantages, and disadvantages. we use the internet different-different forms in our daily life, but all have only one goal to connect each other and transfer the data one place to another. All different types of internet connection speed depend on their own ISP, bandwidth plan, area, and user usages.

In my opinion, FTTX  called  Fiber to the x or Fiber to the home is the best choice for you. If you need fast and very secure internet speed. It is generally cheaper than other internet connections, but it all depends on your ISP(internet service provider), bandwidth, and area.

FTTH, FTTN, FTTC, FTTP

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